Adaptive structuration theory studies variations in organizations as new technologies are introduced[54] Adaptive structural theory proposes that structures (general rules and resources offered by the technology) can differ from structuration (how people actually use these rules and resources).[44] There is an interplay between the intended use of technology and the way that people use the technology. Telecommuting provides a social structure that enables and constrains certain interactions.[55] For instance, in office settings, the norm may be to interact with others face-to-face. To accomplish interpersonal exchange in telecommuting, other forms of interaction need to be used. AST suggests that when technologies are used over time, the rules and resources for social interactions will change.[54] Teleworking may alter traditional work practices,[44] such as switching from primarily face-to-face communication to electronic communication.
Remote jobs aren't the equivalent of freedom. "One massive misconception about remote work is that you have freedom to take care of your child or travel during the day," says Stella Garber, the head of marketing at Trello Atlassian (she also works remotely). "To be a remote worker, you ought to be available for calls and meetings during a predictable slot of hours."
Telecommuting has long been promoted as a way to substantially increase employee productivity. A working-from-home-related experiment conducted using 242 employees of a large Chinese travel agency by professors at Stanford and Beijing University found that employees randomly assigned to work at home for 9 months increased their output by 13.5% versus the office-based control group. This improvement in output arose from working 9% more hours from saved commuting time and from 3.5% improved efficiency from quieter working conditions. The study also found that home-workers reported significantly higher job-satisfaction scores and their quit rates fell by almost 50%. However, home workers' promotion rates dropped by half due to apparent performance declines, indicating a potential career cost of home-working.[69]
What Employees Say: “VIPKID pays between $14-22 an hour, plus more in incentives some months. Most kids are fun and well behaved. You create your own schedule and work as little or much as you want. The materials are already provided, you just have to review them beforehand and plan out how you want to teach the materials and which props you want to use.” —Current ESL Teacher
I’m in a difficult position because I’m currently unable to walk or stand for more than a few minutes at a time (or even less) due to a weird issue with flat feet and also I have carpel tunnel in my wrists. Which means an at home job where I can sit is absolutely necessary, but the amount of typing I can do at one time is also limited. There might be work-arounds to the wrist-stuff with speech to text programs and the like, but the sitting thing is non-negotiable. I am trying to solve my problems related to disability, but in the meantime if I can find some source of income, that would be wonderful.
What Employees Say: “Company is comprised of hard-working individuals who are extremely passionate about what they do. We have done wonderful things for communities through foundations, IBO’s and our own employees giving back. It is exciting to be part of a growing company that has allowed me to use my knowledge to help build my department. I am proud to see how far we have come..” —Current Employee
The appeal of working from home is undeniable, and there are a variety of positions available. Twenty years ago, most of these Work From Home jobs didn't exist. Envelope stuffing and small item assembly involving a lot of back and forth mailing were about the only jobs available. With the advent of the Internet, there are options to accommodate many skill sets. Instant communication with employers allows a Work From Home employee to perform bookkeeping services, medical transcription, simple data entry or customer service.
How do I get started? Holly Johnson found the secret sauce when it comes to writing and charging the right rate for your work. She created a free introductory training on how to build a six-figure writing career. I highly recommend taking her course if you want to work from home writing and follow her path to success. I also have a number of ways to get writing gigs at the end of this article.
Their training is done online and is self-paced. You could finish the program in 4 months but 6 months is probably more realistic. They do however give you up to a year to get it all done. Their program is approved by the American Health Information Management Association and the American Academy of Professional Coders. They work specifically with a company called IOD inc. that hires their grads to work from home right out of the program.
Community Support Associate, Vimeo – ModSquad is looking for community support experts with great customer service experience. Responsibilities include answering tech support and customer service questions via email and chat, and identifying recurring customer issues, helping to solve them, and escalating them to others for review. Full-time, hiring in Oregon.

Tell Wut is a survey site where you can win prizes and earn rewards for sharing your opinion. Most surveys award 5 to 15 points per survey, but you can also earn points by referring friends (25 points), creating an account (100 points) and providing your information (100 points). Points can be redeemed for Best Buy, Walmart, Barnes & Noble, Visa, and various other gift cards. Tell Wut has an A- rating with the Better Business Bureau.
Search engine evaluators work online as independent contractors and give feedback about whether search engine results are comprehensive, accurate, relevant, and timely. They are the human quality-assurance check in a system run by complicated algorithms. Search engine evaluators must be familiar with the language and the culture of the local web search engine users. Typically, these positions are bilingual, but some openings are available for English-only search evaluators.

Work-at-home and telecommuting scams are very common; many of these job offers are scams claiming that people can "get rich quick" while working from home. In fact, these scams require an investment up front with no pay-off at the end.[96] The problem is so pervasive that in 2006 the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) established 'Project False Hopes', a Federal and state law enforcement sweep that targeted bogus business opportunity and work-at-home scams. The crackdown involved more than 100 law enforcement actions by the FTC, the Department of Justice, the United States Postal Inspection Service, and law enforcement agencies in 11 states. In four of the new FTC cases alone, consumers lost more than $30 million.[citation needed] "Bogus business opportunities trample on Americans’ dreams of financial independence", said FTC Chairman Deborah Platt Majoras. "If a business opportunity promises no risk, little effort, and big profits, it almost certainly is a scam. These scams offer only a money pit, where no matter how much time and money is invested, consumers never achieve the riches or financial freedom that they were promised."[97] The FBI warned of such scams on February 2009, as well.


The roots of telecommuting are found in early 1970s technology that linked satellite offices to downtown mainframes through dumb terminals using telephone lines as a network bridge. The ongoing and exponential decreases in cost along with the increases in performance and usability of personal computers, forged the way for moving the office to the home. By the early 1980s, branch offices and home workers were able to connect to organizational mainframes using personal computers and terminal emulation. Telework is facilitated by tools such as groupware, virtual private networks, conference calling, videoconferencing, virtual call centre, Voice over IP (VOIP), and by the decreasing cost of good quality laptop computers. It can be efficient and useful for companies since it allows workers to communicate over long distances, saving significant amounts of travel time and cost. As broadband Internet connections become more commonplace, more and more workers have adequate bandwidth at home to use these tools to link their home to their corporate intranet and internal phone networks.
If the company is open to telecommuting, the employee works assigned hours but performs the job from home. Child care is also an option, and many parents see the socialization of their own children and the ability to be home and raise them as a huge benefit. There are legal and zoning requirements, local restrictions on how many children can be cared for at one time, and safety requirements that need to be considered as well. Success at freelance writing, copywriting and content writing depends largely on experience and perseverance. While the work is not always steady, it has the potential to grow from a supplemental income to a main source of income.
For those unfamiliar with affiliate marketing, it’s simply referral marketing where you earn a commission. Let’s say that you have a website and refer a book on Amazon. When the visitor clicks the affiliate link and buys the book, Amazon will pay you a percentage of the sale. People love affiliate marketing because they can start earning money passively with few startup costs.
Edmentum provides curriculum, assessments, practice programs, and online classes. Edmentum frequently hires both full-time and part-time Virtual Teachers to teach math, science, English, history, and a variety of other subjects. Teachers are required to have a bachelors degree and teaching certificate in which the state they’re hired. Job search tip: Virtual teaching positions aren’t listed as “remote” under location; search “virtual” under keyword instead. Full-time Edmentum teachers report earning between $55,000-$65,000 per year.
A word of caution: Remember that where very little is required, very little is offered. These jobs don’t pay much, and they are not going to provide a reference for your resume. It may take working at several different of these online jobs to pull in the income you want. And as always, know the signs of a work-at-home scam as you sort through the opportunities.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e Golden, T. D.; Veiga, J. F.; Dino, R. N. (2008). "The impact of professional isolation on teleworker job performance and turnover intentions: Does time spent teleworking, interacting face-to-face, or having access to communication-enhancing technology matter?". Journal of Applied Psychology. 93 (6): 1412–1421. doi:10.1037/a0012722. PMID 19025257.

Insurance is an industry that hires a lot of telecommuters, and the work-from-home jobs available are quite a diverse lot, ranging from underwriters and appraisers to case managers and insurance agents, as well as positions in IT and project management. While many insurance companies hire these positions directly as work-at-home jobs, others may offer flexible options for existing employees or part-time telecommuting.

Three of the five job attributes: skill variety, task identity, and task significance, influence how much employees think their jobs are meaningful.[33] Skill variety is the degree that a job requires a variety of activities and skills to complete the task. An increase in skill variety is thought to increase the challenge of the job. Increasing the challenge of the job increases the individual’s experienced meaningfulness, how much the individual cares about work, and finds it worthwhile.[30][33] Telework may not directly affect skill variety and task meaningfulness for the individual compared to when he or she worked in an office; however, skill variety and meaningfulness of individual tasks can increase when working in a group. If the work done at home is focused on the individual rather than the team, there may be fewer opportunities to use a variety of skills.[43] Task identity is the degree that the individual sees work from beginning to end or completes an identifiable or whole piece of work rather than only a small piece. Task significance is the degree that the individual feels his or her work has a substantial impact on the lives or work of other people within the organization or outside the organization.[33][43] Telework may not change the job characteristics of skill variety, task identity, and task significance compared to working in an office; however, the presence of these characteristics will influence teleworkers’ work outcomes and attitudes.
When you work in an office, you can ask your boss about the details of your upcoming presentation when you see her in the company kitchen. But if you telecommute, she’s just another email in your inbox. From letting her know if you’re going to miss a deadline or getting clarification on an email, you’ll have to be proactive about communicating all aspects of your job and any questions you might have with her.
Health care providers are among the most common employers offering jobs from home. So it should be no surprise that United Healthcare is one of the top 10 companies offering work-at-home situations. Though health care typically involves hands-on work at a care facility, it also provides a surprising number of positions that can be handled remotely.
What It Pays: Though it's completely subjective to the company, you'll likely be paid per post or hourly. Factors that could increase or decrease the pay scale include word count, research, interviewing an expert, and more. Many freelancers are full-time, but if you're looking for a side-hustle to make some weekend money, this is a great option too. According to Pay Scale, the average salary for a freelance writer is about $24/hr.
Non-Tech Online Jobs: Retail and administrative positions make up a lot of job openings online. Within the retail industry, many work-from-home job seekers can find part-time work for companies like Amazon or Russell Stover as customer service representatives, merchandisers, secret shoppers, or sales representatives. Other employers are looking to hire project managers, executive assistants, content writers, and editors, insurance salespeople, claims adjusters, and even nurse practitioners to do online house calls.
^ Jump up to: a b c d e Golden, T. D.; Veiga, J. F.; Dino, R. N. (2008). "The impact of professional isolation on teleworker job performance and turnover intentions: Does time spent teleworking, interacting face-to-face, or having access to communication-enhancing technology matter?". Journal of Applied Psychology. 93 (6): 1412–1421. doi:10.1037/a0012722. PMID 19025257.

“Part-time work is a very appealing flexible work arrangement for all types of groups, not just millennials, but also working parents, semi-retirees, and others, and there are growing opportunities for part-time work,” said Sara Sutton Fell, founder and CEO of FlexJobs. “In fact, FlexJobs experienced a 31% increase in the number of remote part-time jobs posted in our database from 2014 to 2015, demonstrating this increased need from companies.”
Edmentum provides curriculum, assessments, practice programs, and online classes. Edmentum frequently hires both full-time and part-time Virtual Teachers to teach math, science, English, history, and a variety of other subjects. Teachers are required to have a bachelors degree and teaching certificate in which the state they’re hired. Job search tip: Virtual teaching positions aren’t listed as “remote” under location; search “virtual” under keyword instead. Full-time Edmentum teachers report earning between $55,000-$65,000 per year.

SimplyFun – Wouldn’t it be fun to play for a living? With SimplyFun, you have the opportunity to build a home-based business selling our award-winning, thoughtfully designed games that teach useful, real world skills to children of all ages. You can be part of a meaningful movement and earn generous incentives by promoting SimplyFun’s mission of play-based learning. And you can truly work from home, enjoying a flexible schedule while earning 25-42% commissions, plus bonuses and rewards. Our thorough training program and starter kit provide everything you need to launch your business. Thanks to our innovative approach to direct selling and a talented sales force, our company is growing. You can be part of this continued success. Ready? Game On.

The job characteristic dimension, feedback, increases employees' knowledge of results. Feedback refers to the degree that an individual receives direct and clear information about his or her performance related to work activities.[31] Feedback is particularly important so that the employees continuously learn about how they are performing.[33] Electronic communication provides fewer cues for teleworkers and thus, they may have more difficulties interpreting and gaining information, and subsequently, receiving feedback.[34] When a worker is not in the office, there is limited information and greater ambiguity, such as in assignments and expectations.[39] Role ambiguity, when situations have unclear expectations as to what the worker is to do,[40] may result in greater conflict, frustration, and exhaustion.[34]


At work, you had to keep your desk neat so that you looked organized—and sure, it’s always helpful to see the top of your desk. But at home, who cares if clutter collects around you? Well, don’t fall into that trap (especially video conference calls are part of your routine). While you might miss the building services team, who used to wipe down your crusty keyboard and empty your waste paper baskets every night, it’s ultimately up to you to keep your space spic and span so you can do your best work.


The appeal of working from home is undeniable, and there are a variety of positions available. Twenty years ago, most of these Work From Home jobs didn't exist. Envelope stuffing and small item assembly involving a lot of back and forth mailing were about the only jobs available. With the advent of the Internet, there are options to accommodate many skill sets. Instant communication with employers allows a Work From Home employee to perform bookkeeping services, medical transcription, simple data entry or customer service.
ArborBridge offers personalized test prep tutoring and courses for the SAT, ACT, ISEE and SSAT, and the GRE and GMAT, as well as specialized subject tutoring in Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Literature, Math Levels 1 and 2, U.S. History, and World History. ArborBridge requires tutors to have a bachelors degree and one year of experience. Tutors work part-time, flexible hours and earn $45 per hour, plus pay for administrative time.
I’m in a difficult position because I’m currently unable to walk or stand for more than a few minutes at a time (or even less) due to a weird issue with flat feet and also I have carpel tunnel in my wrists. Which means an at home job where I can sit is absolutely necessary, but the amount of typing I can do at one time is also limited. There might be work-arounds to the wrist-stuff with speech to text programs and the like, but the sitting thing is non-negotiable. I am trying to solve my problems related to disability, but in the meantime if I can find some source of income, that would be wonderful.

Freelance writing has completely changed our lives. For years, we worked great jobs in a funeral home. However, those jobs also demanded tons of time and exceptional amounts of emotional energy. We found ourselves working nights, weekends, and holidays – getting called out at all hours of the night and missing countless family events. These were good jobs, but they grew tiring.
A word of caution: Remember that where very little is required, very little is offered. These jobs don’t pay much, and they are not going to provide a reference for your resume. It may take working at several different of these online jobs to pull in the income you want. And as always, know the signs of a work-at-home scam as you sort through the opportunities.
This is a work from home position, and the successful candidate can be located anywhere in the United States or Canada! ... Global career mobility, employee recognition programs, professional development; State of the art technology which allows for seamless global connectivity; Opportunities for flexible and remote schedules; Rich wellness program and health ...
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